…a Continuing History of Western Architecture
Architecture of Exuberance: Catherine Palace, St. Petersburg, Russia
Baroque began as decorated Renaissance, to say it simply. “For example, for the architects of the Renaissance the facade of a church or a palace had been a rectangle, or a series of rectangles each of which had corresponded to a story of the building. For Baroque architects the facade was merely that part of the building that faced outwards, one element of a single entity…“ (1) to be decorated with pilasters and cornices, pilars and curliques totally ignoring what was happening on the inside of the building.
Weis Church, Bavaria, Rococo: C, Bill Lowe Gallery
The Rococo Architectural style was an outgrowth of the Baroque often called Late Baroque. It was a style, “that originated in Paris in the early 18th century but was soon adopted throughout and later in other countries, principally and . It is characterized by lightness, elegance, and an exuberant use of curving, natural forms in ornamentation.” (2) Generous swirls and passionate curlicues adorned every surface regardless of purpose.
By the late 18th Century, the designs of Italian architect Palladio were reexamined in England and, “spread by the English translation of his I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura, and pattern books such as Vitruvius Brittanicus by Colen Campbell. This Palladian architectureand continued classical imagery would in turn go on to influence Thomas Jefferson and other early architects of the United States in their search for a new national architecture.” This new American architecture we now call Federal.(3)
Artists and architecture wanted to abandon the decorative formality of the period. They felt strongly that form follows function. The Arts and Crafts movement influenced the fluidity and freedom of Art Nouveau as did the just rediscovered Japanese Art.
Rococo Style (2)
Rococo Architecture: Late Baroque
History of Architecture. Art Nouveau(4)